How to Prevent Gum (periodontal) Disease?


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How to Prevent Gum (periodontal) Disease?

Bleeding Gums is the Early Sign of Gum (Periodontal) Disease

A Healthy gum is pink and strong, with a wavy outline. But an unhealthy gum appears dark-red color, is soft, sensitive and easy bleeding when brushing teeth or biting an apple. No matter how the gingival bleeding was found, it’s a warning of inflamed gums.

The Three Stages of Gum (Periodontal) Disease

Although there are many potential factors that cause gum disease, such as smoking, chewing tobacco, pregnancy, non-conforming dentures, most periodontal disease is caused by dental plaque. The plaque bacteria can infect your gums and teeth, and eventually, the gum tissue and bone that support the teeth will be impacted.

The difference of implicated parts and degree of severity, gum disease can be classified into:

gum disease
  • Gingivitis
    The earliest stage of gum disease. Gums starting turns red and soft, some bleeding during brushing or flossing. But bone and tooth are not loss, since they are not yet affected.
  • Periodontitis
    Plaque further infringe the gums below the alveolar bone and periodontal ligament. The gums begin to form a periodontal pocket below the gum line due to penetration and growth of plaque.
  • Advanced Periodontitis
    As the gums and tissue that support teeth are degraded and disrupted, eventually the periodontitis become serious, teeth mobility, root exposure, bone loss, severe abscess and purulent.

A good oral hygiene maintenance is the best way to prevent periodontal disease (Gingivitis and Periodontitis). Dental plaque can be removed by a well-routine cleaning, including a proper toothbrush, well brushing, and aid by flosser or interdental brushes.

Additionally, dental disclosing solution can be a useful way for self-checking for dental plaque. Plaque bacteria which is invisible to naked eyes can be colored by harmless food-dye agent and shows where the plaque is.(For reference: HI-MUPRO Dental Disclosing Solution)

Plaque disclosing solution